Symbols of the state –

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To make the abstract entity state for the people to grasp, there are state symbols. These symbols represent the state and promote the identification of the citizens with the state.


The state symbols of the Federal Republic of Germany are among others the national anthem, the federal flag and the national crest as well as medals and decorations and the federal capital of Berlin.

National anthem

The national anthem is the third verse of the Germany-Song, written by Hoffmann von Fallersleben in 1841. Originally, the entire Germany-Song was used as national anthem, but the other verses ("Germany, Germany above all ...") were discredited because of the 3rd Reich.

Text of the national anthem:

"Unity and right and freedom

For the German fatherland!

Let us all pursue this purpose,

Fraternally with heart and hand!

Unity and right and freedom

Are the pledge of happiness:

Flourish in this blessing’s glory,

Flourish, German fatherland!"

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Federal flag

The German federal flagThe German federal flag has the colors black, red and gold in three horizontal stripes. At the beginning of the 19th Century, these colors were used in the Napoleonic wars of liberation and by the liberal freedom movement. The national flag is the only symbol of the state that is mentioned in the Basic law, in Article 22.

Article 22 II

The federal flag shall be black, red, and gold.

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National crest

The national crest of Germany is the German eagle. It was already used in the Weimar Republic and the german empire, and can be found on many documents, official signs and in the Reichstag in Berlin.

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