The Federal President refuses to sign a law decided by Bundestag and Bundesrat because he thinks the law is superfluous.
Is this behavior of the Federal President permitted?
The parliamentary group "Grau-Rot-Gemusterte" wants to ensure that the legislative period of the Bundestag in the future will be five years. They inserted a bill into the Bundestag. "Article 39 I S1 GG is amended as follows - The Bundestag is elected for a five-year term. -" The Bundestag decides the law with the necessary majority. The Bundesrat will deal with the law at its next session.
Describe the legislative initiative. What kind of law is it here? Which majority was necessary in the Bundesrat for the decision and which majority is necessary in the Bundesrat for the establishment of this law? How could the Bundesrat avoid this law?
The Federal Government wants to save money and therefore introduces a bill into the Bundestag which should regulate that the salaries of the state officials should not be increased in the next 10 years. The Bundestag welcomes the savings rate of the Federal Government and decides this bill as a law.
Describe the further procedure and give the appropriate legal bases. Who except of the Federal Government can introduce bills into the Bundestag?
The Bundestag decides a law to amend article 22 as follows - "The federal flag is black-red-silver." The Bundesrat establishes no objection, and the law after counter-signed by the Federal Government goes to the Federal President.
What must the Federal President do now?