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- Sainte-Lague method
- System for converting votes into seats
- Second Vote
- With the Second Vote a party list is elected at the election to the Bundestag.
- Secondary mandate
- Mandate, which receives someone who lost his constituency, but gets a better result than other candidates of his party (at the election of the parliament in Baden-Wuerttemberg).
- Organ of the legislation of a Federal State, into which the member states send elected delegates. Missing in the Federal Republic, instead there is the Bundesrat.
- Signing a law before its publication with date and signature.
- Independence of a state outward, free decision of the state with the organization of the internal organization.
- Special right theory
- According to the special right theory (also called modified subject theory) for the distinction of public law and private law public law is given if a law entitles or bound a person who acts for the state.
- Union of different European states to the EU.
- A state is a political unit of humans (state people), in a certain area (national territory) under a highest rule (government authority).
- State of emergency
- Exceptional circumstances, for example case of defense, for which the Basic Law knows special regulations.
- State people
- All humans with the same nationality form together the state people.
- Endurig union of several states for example in the form of a Federal State a confederation of states or an international organization like the UN.
- Statutory orders
- Material laws issued by the executive, after authorization by the legislation.
- Study commissions
- Commissions of the Bundestag, consist of Members of Parliament and external experts to prepare decisions to important and extensive topics (for example globalization).
- Subject theory
- According to the subject theory for the distinction of public law and private law public law is given if one of the involved acts for the state.
- Subordination theory
- According to the subordination theory for the distinction of public law and private law public law is given if an over- and a subordination relationship is given between the involved. If there is an equalization private law is given.
- Subordination, a general basic right may be examined only subordinate to a special basic right, i.e. only if there is no special basic right available for the concrete case.
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